Although it affected, influenced, and dominated the lives of hundreds of millions of people in the XX Century, Fascism is difficult to define accurately and succinctly. This exercise in history will try to identify the major characteristics of Fascism in different countries, some of which existed under Fascist governments, some of which did not, and their differences. The roots and origins of Fascism will be explored, as well as its relationship to established religion, its economic systems, its prejudices and its implacable hostility to Communism. The circumstances around which Fascist movements developed will be discussed, whether these were in Europe, Africa, or America. Military operations (World War II) and genocide (the Holocaust) will be brought in peripherally as they relate to Fascist doctrine and ideology. The goal of this exercise is to better understand the phenomenon of Fascism, which so painfully scarred the history of the XX Century.


Raymond Vergne, MD

Dr. Raymond Vergne is a retired cardiologist who has a graduate degree in Education and interests in literature, history, and music. His previous contributions to Chesapeake Forum include Don Quijote de la Mancha and History of the Papacy. He is currently secretary of the Board of Directors of the Mid-Atlantic Symphony Orchestra and writes the Program Notes for the subscription concerts. He was the organizer of the Chesapeake Chapter of the Chaine des Rotisseurs, an international gourmet society, and oversees the Legends of Wine series for the Eastern Shore Wine Tasting group. His interest in Fascism originates from an unusual family experience.

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