Anna Ella Carroll and Harriet Tubman served the federal government during the Civil War with Carroll writing in support of President Lincoln’s policies and advocating the Tennessee River campaign and Tubman serving as a scout, spy, and nurse. Living with limited means in the last decades of the 19th century, they both sought government pensions in recognition of their contributions. Reviewing the documentation and arguments for and against, we will explore both cases to determine the eligibility and merit of each case. Ready to grab hold of a political hot potato? Then join our pension board as we examine whether compensation for national service in war is “a woman’s province” in the last years of the 19th century.

Phil Hesser, Ph.D.

Phil Hesser, Ph.D., has taught in the US and Africa and served as protection and education officer with UNHCR and program director with the Academy for Educational Development. Having received his B.A. degree at the University of California - Santa Barbara and M.A. and PhD. degrees at Binghamton University, he has continued his work in education as an Adjunct Professor of History at Salisbury University and is a part-time faculty member in History and Political Science at Wor-Wic Community College. Pursuing his interest at the intersection of landscape, life and livelihood in Delmarva and on the Bay, he wrote What a River Says: Exploring the Blackwater River and Refuge (Cambridge: Friends of Blackwater, 2014)) and is completing The Old Home Is Not There: The Native Land of Harriet Tubman with co-author Charlie Ewers.

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